New mission on climate change, health soon

Tags: Power

Energy mission are major components of India’s domestic actions to tackle climate change

A new mission on climate change and health is curre­ntly under formulation, the Economic Survey tabled in Parliament on Friday said, describing 2015-16 as a landmark year for climate change initiatives in Asia’s third big­gest economy.

“Apart from the National Action Plan on Climate Ch­ange, a new mission on climate change and health is currently under formulation and a national expert group on climate change and he­alth has been constituted,” the Survey said, highlighting that India has taken ambitious steps against climate change for sustainable development. It said the National Mission on Coastal Areas (NMCA) for integrated coa­stal resource management and the proposed waste-to-energy mission are other major components of India’s domestic actions to tackle climate change.

The last survey said India also played an important role in the 21st Conference of Parties (COP 21) under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and in the adoption of the Paris Agreement — a new global climate deal — in December 2015. “The Paris Agreement sets a road map for all nations in the world to take actions against climate change in the post-2020 period. Also, PM Narendra Modi played a leading role at COP 21 in the launch of the International Solar Alliance, and also volunteered to host its secretariat,” the survey said. The ISA will provide a special platform for mutual cooperation among 121 solar-resource-rich countries in the world.

It said 2015 had been a landmark year for India in terms of climate change initiatives both nationally and internationally and highlighted the fact that till January 4, 2016, with 1,593 out of 7,685 projects registered under the clean development mechanism (CDM) of the UNFCCC, India had the second highest number of projects registered under the mechanism, showing its commitment to fighting climate change.

The CDM allows emission-reduction projects in developing countries to earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits, each equivalent to one tonnes of CO2 (carbon di-oxide), which can then be traded or sold, and used by industrialised countries to a meet a part of their emission-reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol.

The survey also talks about the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change, which has been established with a budget provision of Rs 350 crore for 2015-16 and 2016-17, and the National Clean Energy Fund which is supported by the cess on coal. The survey notes that India is one of the few countries around the world to have a carbon tax in the form of a cess on coal. India also submitted its ambitious intended nationally determined contributions (INDC) to the UNFCCC on October 2, 2015. The INDC has set itself an ambitious target of reducing its emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35 per cent by 2030.


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